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Knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and practices (KABP) research on small arms and light weapons (SALW) within two neighborhoods in the greater Tripoli


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Organization: Danish Refugee Council
Closing date: 10 Apr 2021

Introduction and Background

Danish Refugee Council (DRC) is an international non-governmental organisation which promotes and supports durable solutions to the problems faced by refugees and internally displaced people all over the world. Danish Demining Group (DDG) is the technical specialized unit of DRC, working to protect conflict affected communities. To that end, DDG aims to improve safety, strengthen community resilience and build local capacities to reduce and remove weapons-related risks and factors that may result in use of weapons.

DRC-DDG has been operational in Libya since 2011 providing basic assistance and protection services to safeguard the dignity, safety and wellbeing of Libya’s most vulnerable and at-risk populations including migrants, refugees, asylum seekers, Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), returnees, and host communities. DRC-DDG's interventions include protection assistance, legal aid, site coordination and management of informal settlements, shelter assistance, multi-purpose cash assistance (MPCA), food and non-food item distribution, community safety initiatives, and humanitarian mine action. DRC has also recently expanded its activities to include livelihood activities as part of the new Economic Recovery Unit that encompasses cash transfers and economic recovery solutions. DRC and DDG currently have offices in Tripoli, Benghazi, and Sabha.

To enhance safety and security of communities in Tripoli, DRC-DDG is calling for organisations, companies or individuals to submit a proposal for conducting a knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and practices (KABP) survey on civilian-held small arms and light weapons (SALW)[1] in two neighbourhoods in the greater Tripoli area and develop ten key risk reduction awareness raising messages on SALW. DRC thus intends to provision the KABP study to collect information and provide recommendations that can inform a sensitisation campaign and community engagement activities on how to increase local safety and security. This intervention falls under DRC-DDG’s programme sector: Community Safety.

The overall goal of DRC-DDG’s intervention is to improve human security and public safety in two targeted communities in the greater Tripoli areas through the reduction of SALW-associated risks and armed violence. It intends to do so by raising awareness of the risk of SALW and engage communities in dialogue on safety measures and community safety plans.

The first step is to develop a solid understanding of communities and individuals’ knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and practices regarding SALW ownership and use: how, why, when and where they are rendered acceptable, how the acceptance of SALW and SALW ownership is linked to specific cultural beliefs and practices, and perceptions of identity, gender, especially masculinity, and individual and collective motivations for SALW possession.

Objectives of research Service :

DRC seeks proposals from organisations or consultants to provide their research service in support of the development and implementation of the intervention. Selected institution(s) will be required to provide the highest quality and most effective and efficient data collection, analysis and reporting drawing on desk research, quantitative and qualitative methodologies.

Overall objectives:

  1. Specification of detailed research question in collaboration with DRC staff
  2. Desk research, qualitative and quantitative data collection to answer the research question.
  3. Data analysis in accordance with research question.
  4. Produce a high-quality draft report within five weeks of contract signing, and final report within nine weeks.
  5. Development of relevant recommendations and ten key awareness raising messages.

Scope of Work :


The data collection will cover two locations within greater Tripoli while the desk research can focus on Tripolitania and to a degree relevant Libya. The final location for data collection will be confirmed through consultation with the service provider and the programme team prior data collection.


Desk research and inception report should be completed within one week of contract signing, and a draft report and presentation of findings and key messages should be produced within five weeks. The final report and presentation of findings should be finalised within nine weeks. The organisation, company or individual should develop a detailed timeline to be submitted in response to this RFP.

Research objectives

The survey should provide insights on prevailing ideals and norms linked to weapons, weapons ownership and should generate insights that can be used to develop an intervention, which will raise awareness on the SALW misuse through an awareness raising campaign and to facilitate community dialogue on SALW ownership to enhance local community safety.

The KABP survey thus should shed light on the sensitivities concerning SALW and arms ownership to understand how perceptions may inhibit the planned activities and develop recommendations on which aspects of SALW ownership and use that will be acceptable to address in an awareness raising campaign and through community engagement activities. The outcome of the KABP study should be a report including recommendations for the intervention and at least ten key messages that can be disseminated in the awareness raising campaign.

The KABP research should seek to shed light on the below focus areas:

Primary focus areas

  • The history and tradition of arms and how it influences the way arms ownership is perceived in Libya today (brief).
  • How mainstream society and media represent arms and how they reproduce arms as symbols. I.e., what culturally acceptable images of arms that are reinforced through mainstream society.
  • What arms related behaviours, if any, are rendered acceptable by communities and why.
  • Understand the consequence of unsafe behaviours of arms.
  • Understand the locally perceived best practice in safe behaviours.
  • Understand community willingness and readiness to address SALW safety issue at community level.
  • Unfold the hegemony of the culture of arms including a gender lens, particularly how conceptualisations and perceptions of masculinity shape SALW use and misuse and the role of women in increasing or reducing risk taking behaviour.
  • Implication and drivers for youth and children of SALW presence in communities.
  • Understand link between availability of SALW and the use of violence as a means for resolving conflicts.
  • What implication do these findings have for interventions aiming to decrease the risk of SALW accidents and misuse within communities?

Secondary focus areas

  • Arm ownership linked to GBV and psychological violence.
  • The political, social and economic implications of SALW. Identification of driving factors for the demand for SALW and their use.

Survey Methodology

The selected organisation, company or individual should suggest the most suitable data collection methodology for the survey based. The methodology should be a combination of qualitative and quantitative data collection methods that can ensure in depth and high data on the research question. The below minimum requirements must be met.

At least 160 persons (77 in each location) should be reached through quantitative surveying.

At least 6 key informant interviews with males and females (3 in each location).

At least 4 focus group discussions with males and females (2 in each location).


The exact format of the report will be agreed upon with DRC-DDG but should include the following elements and be written in English:

  1. Brief historical overview of the local context and small arms ownership in Tripolitania.
  2. Methodology, data collection, presentation of data
  3. The analysis chapter should consist of an overall presentation of findings and two sub-sections elaborating on particularities in the two geographic areas of data collection (Tripoli neighborhoods).
  4. The recommendations sections should include any findings, which assist in addressing the drivers of arms ownership, including unfolding harmful practices that should be addressed, identifying good practices that can be replicated and an explanation of the ten key awareness raising messages.
  5. Conclusion and bibliography.


  • Detailed research question and sub-questions developed in collaboration with DRC staff.
  • Methodology for qualitative and quantitative data collection in two neighbourhoods in the greater Tripoli area.
  • Data analysis to inform research questions.
  • Report: A concise format, including executive summary with key findings, recommendations and at least ten key awareness raising messages and an analytical chapter.
  • Collected data (can be anonymized), including data transcribed and/or summarized and translated into English.

  • A presentation of the findings and recommendations to DRC-DDG Tripoli team and other key DRC-DDG staff.

Organisational Focal Point

The selected organisation, company or individual will report directly to the Community Safety Coordinator under the DDG Head of Programme.

[1] SALW commonly refers to guns, man-portable weapons and ammunition and explosives.

How to apply:

Application process

The RFQ application process and timeline are outlined below /

1 ) RFQ published 25/03/021

2) Closing date for clarifications 28/3/2021

3) Technical meeting date 29/3/2021

4)Closing date and time for receipt of Tenders 10/4/2021 5 PM

5 )Tender Opening Date and time 11/4/2021 time TBC

Interested applicants who meet the required experience and qualifications are invited to submit the following documents to rfq.lby.tip@drc.ngo no later than April 10th_2021, 17H.00 (Tripoli time ) and specify the subject: RFQ-LBY-TUN-2021-007 , Knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and practices research on small arms and light weapons .

Please follow this link to download all required documents :https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1EYlyTFKwJU0i0UYJtdMZkL9zUWbFr4kw?usp=sharing

Applicants should submit the following :

  • Technical proposal that involves :

  • Data collection methodology

  • Research question

  • Tentative workplan of nine weeks

  • COVID-19 mitigation plan

  • CV of applicant(s)

  • References of Client reviews/feedback on previous work undertaken

  • Legal status to operate in country.

  • Necessary approvals required by the Government to carry out surveys and collect data

  • Compliance with the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (“GDPR”) (Regulation (EU) 2016/679).

  • Annex A Financial proposal providing total cost of service fees (Must be on the DRC RFQ Tender file) over all budget lines for the research costs.

  • Annex B (DRC general conditions of contract) in attached documents acknowledged and signed.

  • Annex C (supplier code of conduct) in attached documents acknowledged and signed.

  • Annex D (Supplier registration form) completed and signed.

a. Proposal Evaluation

  • For the award of this project, DRC has established evaluation criteria which govern the selection of offers received. Evaluation is made on a technical (80%) and financial (20%) basis. The applicant should provide detailed documentation to demonstrate the below components.

  • The percentage assigned to each component is determined in advance as per table below.

  • The technical offer (80% of the overall evaluation) will be evaluated using the following criteria, and points will be allocated in the scale from 1– 10 for each of the criteria as per in the TOR in the link above

    The financial offer (20% of the overall evaluation):

    The total cost of the financial offer should be mentioned in the DRC Bid Form (Annex A), while the breakdown of the budget should be attached separately.

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